By Gerd Nonneman
Within the post-9/11 weather, the function of center japanese and North African (MENA) states in Europe’s nearby safety setting and foreign politics has develop into greater than ever a spotlight for realization, yet is still ill-understood. This booklet offers a framework for the research of center japanese international rules in most cases, and for realizing those states’ family with Europe particularly. The booklet fills a spot within the literature on Euro-Middle jap family members via adopting a south-to-north point of view, utilizing the instruments of international coverage research to check the determinants of the international guidelines of the MENA states themselves: purely hence can one wish to reach at a real figuring out of what underlies those states’ evolving coverage orientations and behavior in the direction of Europe. the amount starts off by means of laying out a conceptual framework for research, and analyzing the family, neighborhood, and overseas environments that MENA international guidelines. genuine coverage output is then systematically investigated via a variety of kingdom case experiences starting from the Maghreb and the Mashreq to the Gulf and Turkey. Europe is handled all through either as a objective of these international rules, and as a part of the surroundings that shapes them. the results of a two-year venture subsidized by way of the eu collage Institute’s Mediterranean Programme, the publication is helping bridge the divide among center East services and the self-discipline of diplomacy. The systematic comparative research of MENA states’ international coverage with distinct connection with Europe throws new mild on questions on ‘Third global’ international coverage.
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Extra info for Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship With Europe
At this time, the European intention was increasingly aimed at developing a regionwide network of bilateral agreements. This would soon be followed up also in the Euro-Arab Dialogue and the development of the early Mediterranean policy. In parallel with those new directions, it also led to ‘cooperation agreements’ with Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia in 1976, and Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon in 1977 and 1978. These included trade preferences as well as aid (ﬁnancial protocols) that were renewed every ﬁve years.
Differential attitudes to outside powers. THE THREE ENVIRONMENTS OF MENA FOREIGN POLICY 3. 4. 25 National security interests/raison d’e´tat – in economic, military security, and territorial terms. The interests of rulers/ruling families (including dynastic rivalries). For the GCC states in particular, the two key driving concerns in their regional foreign policy have been external and domestic security. For the former, three means have been pursued: external protectors; collective security within the GCC; and the ‘management’ of regional relations through cautious diplomacy (including ‘riyal-politik’).
Finally, the structural political difference between MENA and Europe must be stressed as a factor in relations past, present and future: as shown in the above section on the Domestic Environment, the ‘actors’ on the northern and southern sides are fundamentally different, even if both wear the label ‘state’. Although in European states too, foreign policy is to a large extent the domain of the executive, this executive can be considered to be a reasonably true representative of the society; there is, in other words, some sense in which THE THREE ENVIRONMENTS OF MENA FOREIGN POLICY 31 the ‘state’ as a whole can be seen to be engaged (although the caveats listed in the previous contribution (p.
Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship With Europe by Gerd Nonneman