By Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen
Over the process a profession spanning greater than fifty years, Finnish architect and dressmaker Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) designed approximately 100 single-family homes. Aalto, who's additionally recognized for his furnishings and glassware, labored in a special variety that mixed modernism and conventional vernacular structure. Authors Jari and Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen (Finnish summer time homes) current twenty-six of Aalto's cutting edge residences—from small summer season houses and postwar standardized housing to giant housing complexes for business commissions—built among the Twenties to the Sixties.
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Extra info for Alvar Aalto Houses
In the 1920s and early 1930s Aalto used lamps by Danish designer Poul Henningsen (1894–1967) in his houses, such as the wall lamps from the 1930s shown here. bottom Entrance hall. The PH 5 lamp model by Henningsen is from 1958. The coat rack was designed by Anna Maija Jaatinen for Artek in 1964. 56 below The kitchen was designed according to the Frankfurt kitchen principles. 57 right Living room. The tea trolley and armchairs were designed by Aalto in 1936 and exhibited at the Milan Triennial. The floor lamps were custom-made for Aalto’s National Pensions Institute in the late 1950s.
Turns and shifts interested Aalto from the start of his career, and many of his later houses would repeat this theme. They are a part of the ritual of arriving, moving through and experiencing a sequence of spaces. The storage wings play an important role in defining the front courtyard, which is further demarcated by the natural topography of the site and a hedge planted where the land slopes toward the lake. The hierarchy of the buildings is emphasized with variations of colonnades, from the monumental porch of the main building—which appears somewhat exaggerated in comparison with the rest of the house—to the elegant garden pavilion, to the almost humorous colonnade elements on the storage doors.
This kind of attention to details is later evident even in Aalto’s most modest standard houses. opposite View of the house from the lakeside 44 45 top Plans, facade, and section bottom Detailed drawings of the doors and windows opposite top The loggia-like lakeside veranda features a low barrel vault and balusters. opposite bottom Entrance porch with balusters 46 47 below Detail of the staircase opposite The tupa room with its log walls and exposed wooden structure 48 49 50 The 1930s : Private Villas and Company Housing opposite Villa Mairea, main entrance In the early 1930s Finland was overshadowed by the Great Depression.
Alvar Aalto Houses by Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen