By N. M. Idaikkadar
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Extra resources for Agricultural Statistics. A Handbook for Developing Countries
For mixed crops, method (b) described earlier has been found convenient in many countries in allocating the areas. 7 Permanent Crops For permanent crops, area component of production is meaningful only where planting is regular which is generally the case for large holdings/estates. In these cases the trees/palms are planted at fixed distances between each other and in almost straight Unes. Further replanting is done so systematically that a constant ratio is maintained between bearing palms and total number of palms.
However, there are other considerations (like movements of field staff, poor communications, limited harvesting time) which would force one to reduce the number of primary units and correspondingly increase the second and third stage units. As to the number of villages to be sampled it can be worked backwards by determining the number of second stage and third stage units. Experience in many countries has shown that variation in yield rate between fields is far greater than within the same field.
Further, when the time comes to use objective methods with measurements of areas, it is advantageous to have small reporting units. There is no guarantee that the adoption of small reporting units alone will necessarily mean an improvement. Other measures should be taken along with small reporting units. This brings us to the next step which is the method of collection. With farm/field as the unit, data can be had from the farmer or by field inspection. With cadastral maps and knowledge of local agricultural conditions, most officers at village level can collect dependable data from the farmers.
Agricultural Statistics. A Handbook for Developing Countries by N. M. Idaikkadar